Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood scheme under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). And it is implemented to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among poor pregnant women. The scheme, launched on 12 April 2005 by the Hon’ble Prime Minister, is under implemented in all states, and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).
The Scheme is a fully centrally sponsored scheme and it integrates cash assistance with delivery or post-delivery care.
The Yojana had identified as the Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA). It is an effective link between the Government and the poor pregnant women in l0 low performing states, namely the 8 Empowered Action Group (EAG) states (Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, and Uttar Pradesh) and Assam, and J&K with the remaining North East (NE) States.
In also addition some other eligible states and UTs, wherever, Anganwadi workers, and ASHA like activist has been engaged in this purpose, she can be associated with this Yojana for providing the services.
Features of JSY:
- Special dispensation for states: The JSY scheme focuses on the poor pregnant woman with special dispensation for states having low institutional delivery rates namely the 8 Empowered Action Group (EAG) states such as Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Orissa with Jammu and Kashmir. While these states have been named as Low. Performing States (LPS), the remaining states have been named as High performing States (HPS).
- Tracking pregnancy: Each beneficiary woman registered under this JSY scheme should have a JSY card along with an MCH card. ASHA/AWW/ any other identified link worker under the overall supervision of the ANM and the MO, PHC should mandatorily prepare a micro-birth plan. This will effectively help in monitoring Antenatal Check-up, and the post-delivery care.
- Eligibility for Cash Assistance: BPL Certification is required in all High Performing States. However, where BPL cards have not yet been issued or have not been updated, States/UTs would formulate a simple criterion for certification of poor and needy status of the expectant mother’s family by empowering the gram pradhan or ward member.
- Disbursement of Cash Assistance: As the cash assistance to the mother is mainly to meet the delivery expenses, it should be disbursed effectively at the institution itself.
- Cash assistance for home delivery: BPL pregnant women, who prefer to deliver at home, are entitled to a cash assistance of Rs. 500 per delivery regardless of the age of pregnant women and number of children.
Cash Assistance for Institutional Delivery (in Rs)
The cash entitlement for different categories of mothers is as follows:
*ASHA package of Rs. 600 in rural areas include Rs. 300 for ANC component and Rs. 300 for facilitating institutional delivery.
**ASHA package of Rs. 400 in urban areas include Rs. 200 for ANC component and Rs. 200 for facilitating institutional delivery.